Inaugurations Past on the Archive

Who’s ready for a new president?

Two million people will gather next Tuesday in Washington to hear Barack Obama give his inaugural address, and many millions more will be watching on television. He and his speechwriting team have been working on the speech since before Thanksgiving, and according to a news report today, he’s “nearly finished.” What can we expect?

A skilled orator closely attuned to history and his place in it, Obama has paid close attention to the great inaugural addresses of the past. The Archive provides material for those who might care for the subtleties of reference that will no doubt mark his speech:

Lincoln’s 1st and 2d Inaugural Speeches. In preparing his inaugural address, Obama visited the Lincoln Memorial on whose wall Lincoln’s Second Inaugural Address (1865) is etched. Afterward, he humbly commented, “I’m not sure whether that [was] wise because every time you read that second inaugural you start getting intimidated… There is a genius to Lincoln that is not going to be matched.”

John Kennedy’s Inaugural Speech (audio). Theodore Sorenson, the speechwriter who wrote Kennedy’s 1961 inaugural address, recently remarked,”Obama is the most eloquent presidential candidate since JFK and I would think we would hear the most eloquent speech since JFK’s 48 years ago.” This newsreel covers parts of Kennedy’s speech and other inaugural events.

A complete file with every Presidential inaugural speech, in chronological order, is available here (from Project Gutenberg).

In the moving image archive, there’s footage from as far back as William McKinley’s first inauguration in 1897. His was the first inauguration to be filmed. FDR’s in 1933 was the first to have both sound and image. (That newsreel leaves out the most famous part of the speech (“The only thing we have to fear is fear itself”)–which you can find in brief excerpt here. This short film, in praise of preceding presidents, seems to have been made for Eisenhower’s inauguration (whose own inaugural speech can be heard here).

Further back in time, from the text archive, a variety of inaugural booklets: official reports from Ulysses’s S. Grant’s (1869), Grover Cleveland’s (1893), McKinley’s first (1897) and second (1901); official programs from James Garfield’s (1881), Teddy Roosevelt’s (1905) and William Howard Taft’s (1909); and a commercial, not-so-official program from McKinley’s. This official booklet, commemorating McKinley’s second inauguration (1901), contains a description of all the preceding inaugurations.

And, while we’re at it, why not a few bars of Hail to the Chief?

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4 thoughts on “Inaugurations Past on the Archive

  1. saleem

    Owners of private medical and dental colleges in Pakistan are running their institutions without any law, principles, rules, regulations and ethics.
    They have established their own rules and regulations (sharing monetary benefits with their professional regulatory authorities like Pakistan Medical & Dental Council (PMDC)

    They have their own ethics (based on so called officially allowed schemes like self finance scheme, foreign seats, Pakistan health/medical foundation scheme, welfare trust scheme etc, etc)

    You personally can visit and observe deficiencies in their infrastructure, teaching faculty, teaching hospitals attached with Hamdard College of Medicine and Dentistry Karachi, Sir Syed College of Medical Sciences for girls Karachi, International Medical College Abbottabad, Liaquat College of Medicine and Dentistry Karachi, University Medical College Faisalabad, Fatima Jinnah Dental College Karachi, Isra Medical University Hyderabad, Independent Medical College Faisalabad, Jinnah Medical College Peshawar, Multan Medical College Multan, University Medical College Lahore, Sharif City Medical College Lahore, Ziaudin Medical University Karachi, Baqai Medical University Karachi, Lahore Medical College Lahore, Frontier Medical College Abbottabad, Gandhara University Peshawar, Central Park Medical and Dental College Lahore, Altamash College of Dentistry Karachi.
    See, look, observe and perceive dramatization of owners of these medical and dental institutions.

    Their folk, famous but fake SLANG is that “we have established and we are running these institutions on ‘no profit no loss’ BASIS”, but their virtual goal is to generate money (nothing else).
    They are not alone to cheat parents of students getting admission in MBBS and BDS courses, but higher authorities of health department, government of Pakistan, PM&DC, Vice Chancellors of universities with which they are affiliated are their hand shakers. They all are in other words SHARE-HOLDERS
    Owners of these institutions and officers concerned with PM&DC (concerned regulatory authority) are usually attached with same profession (MEDICAL PROFESSION), so both parties are traditionally (so called ethically) are responsible to cooperate with each other. The only victimized party is students and their parents.
    On the time of PMDC official visit these institutes hire teaching faculty on very attractive salary package, share equipments, technically skill paramedical staff, required monetary funds with each other and after the PMDC visit, salary of teaching faculty is reduced remarkably or harassed them so that they leave medical college and join another institute, faculty hired from public sector leave that private institution and rejoin their own public sector institution from which they came (had got leave without pay) due to attractive salary package of private institutions. Equipment, skilled paramedical staff and monetary fund are sent back to concerned parties. In this case academic study, professional training of MBBS and BDS students is surely suffered/compromised.

    Some of the private medical/dental colleges have following deficiencies:
    1) Their senior faculty {Professor, Associate Professors, and Assistant Professors) are non-medical persons (having PhD degree but no medical basic degree (MBBS) at all. Salary of these non-medical teachers is much less than medical persons.
    2) Many of the senior faculty members are above the age of 70 years but are still working in these private institutes which is against the PMDC rules.
    3) Many Professors, Associate and Assistant Professors are working in these institutes getting leave from government sector which is again rule breaking attitude as directed by PMDC written regulations.
    4) In some institutes faculty members above the age of 70 years have left the HOD-ship but they are still working as Principals, which is another PMDC rules regulations breaking behavior.
    5) Some institutes have no infrastructure at all but they are recognized by PMDC because they showed so called artificial infrastructure on 1st, 2nd, 3rd…so forth visit of PMDC team and got reorganization for 5 years.
    6) Some institutes have no teaching hospital which can train 100 MBBS students. They use to claim to have teaching hospital but you can observe deficiency in these teaching hospitals regarding number of beds, patients, teaching faculty, paramedical staff and equipments.
    Where is PMDC, Health department, Government of Pakistan, Supreme Court and other concerned authorities of provincial governments?
    Is there any law enforcement agency that can observe these deficiencies in these institutions to save rights of medical/dental undergraduate students and their parent’s money and true dreams?

    DR. MANZOOR A. MALIK (Lahore, Pakistan)

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